On average, a female is 5 years old before she has cubs and the male is
4 years old before he breeds. There is a bond between the male and
the female during mating season and bear mothers develop a strong
relationship with their cubs. Most cubs weigh about 1/2 pound at
birth and open their eyes when they are approximately 40 days old.
Cubs typically stay with mom for 1 to 1.5 years after birth and for their
first full winter while mom teaches them how to hunt for food.
Black bears are extremely territorial. They are carnivores, but
only a quarter of their diet is meat. Mostly they eat plants and other
vegetable matter. They are solitary animals and are active in the
morning, late evening and night. Black bears have been documented
running at speeds up to 30 mph. Contrary to most people's knowledge, black
bears do not go into deep hibernation during the winter, but they do remain dormant.
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